Types of Cars & Car Segments: What Do SUV, C

Cars are mainly classified into the US and European axis in two ways.

The classification of cars in the US is as follows:

United States Environmental Protection Agency (US-EPA): Based on the number of cabins and luggage volume.

The classification of cars in Europe is as follows:

UK market: Based on total cabin and luggage volume.

European New Car Assessment Program and the European Commission: Vehicle dimensions are stated in capital letters.

The most common vehicle classification is the classification determined by the European Commission.

In this classification, the purpose, size and characteristics of vehicle equipment are the determining factors.

These are: A, B, C, D, E, F, J, M, S class as part of the European market.

In general, cars are distinguished by segment (class) and body type (body type).

Car type – By segment:

Class A: Mini Car

Class B: Small car

Class C: Medium size car

Class D: Big car

Class E: high class car

Class F: Luxury car

Class J: SUV vehicles and sports equipment

M-Class: MPV Multi-Purpose vehicle

Class S: Sports Vehicles

Car Type – By Body Box Type:

Car brands offer their own series of cars in line with one of these classes and differentiate themselves based on body design.

For example; Audi A3 is a segment C car.

According to the type of case offered as Hatcback or Sedan.

The criteria for diversification based on frame type is the number of sections and columns in the vehicle.

Basically there are 3 compartments in the vehicle; engine compartment, passenger compartment and luggage compartment.

Casing types are created with variations such as changing the dimensions of this part, raising the vehicle or reducing the luggage compartment.

Car Parts


Less than 370 cm in length, “mini vehicles” are also known as vehicle classes.

The body of the vehicle is small, the distance between the head and knees is not far.

A-segment vehicles, which can have different body structures such as hatchbacks, MPVs and cabriolets, are generally not preferred because they consume a lot of gasoline and engine power.

The most popular A segment vehicles are Fiat 500, Citroen C1 and Peugeot 107.


Section A is similar to CLASS A but slightly larger in size.

Technically, they are more powerful than the A segment.

As with the A section, bodywork options abound.

These options include hatchback, sedan, station wagon, coupe, cabriolet, roadster, SUV, CUV and MVP types.

The most popular B-segment vehicle models include Renault Clio, Seat Ibıza and Volkswagen Polo.


It is one of the most produced and best-selling segments.

Although it is known as compact class or lower middle class, we know it as a family car.

Thanks to their size, they are suitable for families and individual use.

The performance of the vehicle is high and they can easily go a long way.

When they hold high sales figures, the competition is high and it is easier to find affordable vehicle models in this segment.

Hatchback, sedan, coupe, cabriolet, roadster, CC, SUV, CUV and MVP C segment models can be found in many different body structures.

The most popular C-Segment vehicle models are Volkswagen Golf, Ford Focus, Toyota Corollo, Fiat Lienave Mitsubishi Lancer.


It is also known as a family vehicle.

The difference from the C segment is that its dimensions are larger and its performance is higher.

In this segment, which is also called upper middle class, it has a spacious cabin, a spacious cabin and a powerful vehicle in terms of motor and performance.

BMW 3.20, Mercedes C series, Honda Accord, Volkswagen Passat and Mazda 6 are the most popular D-Segment vehicles.


This is part of a high class car.

Vehicles in this segment are also known as administrator vehicles.

They are strong in terms of performance and comfort, and their fuel consumption is more convenient than any other segment.

In parallel, the price range is still quite high compared to other segments.

The most popular E segment car models are Mercedes E Series, Audi A5, BMW 5 Series and Chrysler 300.


F segment vehicles, also known as luxury vehicles, are distinguished by their technological features and amenities, as well as their performance data and physical features.

The most popular F-segment vehicle models are the BMW 7 series, Mercedes S-Class and Audi 8.


Car passion is not limited to functional vehicles of course.

Both in the city and outside the city, sports vehicles such as birds have a unique segment.

This segment that consists of heavy-duty vehicle models is called the G segment.

G-segment vehicles; It is available in different body types like coupe, roadster, convertible and grandtourer.

The most popular models in this segment are produced by Ferrari, Lamborghini, Porsche and Maserati.


J-Segment vehicles, which we know as all-terrain sports cars, have the performance of a sports car and the style of an off-road vehicle.

The abbreviation SUV stands for Sports Utility Vehicle.

This model, which has a high fuel consumption, is intended to be more economical in the last period and the manufacturer is directed to 2 towing systems from 4 towers.

J-segment vehicles have different types of chassis, including small SUVs, medium SUVs, large SUVs and premium SUVs. The most popular models in the J segment are the Kia Sportage, Nissan Qashqai and Range Rover models.


M-segment cars, multi-purpose vehicles, we also know as discussed above, come together in several separate segments.

MPV stands for Multi Functional Vehicles.

The M segment vehicle, which achieved high sales figures in the world, was first produced by the Ford brand.

Among the most popular vehicles in this segment are the Ford C-Max, Citroen Picasso and Opel Zafira.

Car Types According to Body-Case Type

3 compartments in the car; engine compartment, passenger compartment and luggage compartment are clearly separated from each other.

The luggage compartment is completely separate from the passenger compartment and the boot lid opens upwards.

In some cases of sedan, 2-door design can also be seen, for example Audi A5 has two doors.

Some sedan-shaped sports cars can be offered by the manufacturer as a coupe, for example: Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class.

What are the Benefits of a Sedan Model Car?

Sedan cars have a more stable and powerful image.

They offer comfortable use for spectators on long journeys.

What Are the Disadvantages of the Sedan Model?

Depending on the vehicle model and technical specifications, sedans in general can be more demanding with excessive fuel consumption.

It can cause parking problems in cities where traffic is heavy because it is too big and long.

Wide body, scratches, hitting, multiplication is more suitable.

Hatchback cars are widely available in two basic types: 3 doors (2 passengers + 1 luggage) or 5 doors (4 passengers + 1 luggage).

A classic sedan has 3 compartments (engine, passenger and luggage), while a Hatchback car has 2 compartments; engine and passenger + luggage compartment.

In other words, the passenger compartment and the luggage compartment of the Hatchback car are actually combined and the luggage compartment can be accessed from the rear seat.

The main difference between hatchback vehicles and sedans; the passenger compartment (rear seat) and the luggage compartment are not clearly separated.

Then, the rear of the vehicle was lowered vertically (down to the bumper).

Hatchback is a smaller version of the sedan chassis.

For example, the hatchback version of the Corolla, sold as a sedan.

What are the advantages of the Hatchback Model?

Depending on the brand and technical specifications, hatchback cars can be more fuel efficient.

If there is no need for a large volume of luggage, they offer a profitable use.

What are the Cons of the Hatchback Model?

Although hatchback cars vary by model and brand, they are usually small cars in the luggage compartment.

Therefore, on a long trip, for example, a family of 5 may not be able to meet all their luggage needs.

A hatchback car will not provide the perfect solution for baby needs, like baby carriages and baby seats.

Because the width of the rear seat and the volume of luggage are limited.

Large and convenient, the stationwagon is a 3 or 5-door car with a very large luggage loading area.

For large families, it is an ideal car design for frequent travelers and for long trips with lots of luggage.

The station wagon frame type is a lower variant of the sedan case; The vehicle’s engine, instruments and mid-front body design are identical to the sedan, while the rear C-D columns and compartments have been replaced.

Audi Avant: The model name given to the Audi wagon by Audi.

It is a sporty-looking car with high luggage capacity.

BMW Touring: BMW’s name for the estate model.

BMW touring cars: BMW 3 Series Touring, BMW 5 Series Touring

Peugeot SW: The acronym for the Peugeot brand is in the name of the brand’s vehicle.

Peugeot station wagon: 206 SW, 207 SW, 307 SW, 308 SW, 508 SW, 2008 SW

Volkswagen Variants: Vw is the name given to the estate model.

Volkswagen vehicles: Vw Golf Variant, Polo Variant, PassatVariant

Opel Sports Tourer: Station Wagonopel car.

SUVs; It means that the car is equipped with sports.

On-road and off-road vehicles are suitable for use in SUVs. Its characteristic feature is 4-wheel drive.

Being high gives a sense of confidence while offering a good view and easy driving in bad road conditions.

A large trunk and large interior space provide comfort and practicality.

Crossover frame type; This is a mix of SUV and hatchback.

A crossover vehicle, the smallest SUV, is also called a Crossover SUV. ease of driving in city traffic, practicality in parking, large luggage volume, high body structure come to the fore.

It mainly consists of two compartments; engine compartment and passenger + luggage compartment.

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